Jesus is oftentimes associated with David, since they share a common lineage. Peter and John were keenly aware of the familial relationship between Jesus and David. Today’s passage from Acts shows the maturation of their understanding of the meaning of the lineage and the primacy of Jesus.
After their release Peter and John went back to their own people
and reported what the chief priests and elders had told them.
And when they heard it,
they raised their voices to God with one accord
and said, “Sovereign Lord, maker of heaven and earth
and the sea and all that is in them,
you said by the Holy Spirit
through the mouth of our father David, your servant:
“Why did the Gentiles rage
and the peoples entertain folly?
The kings of the earth took their stand
and the princes gathered together
against the Lord and against his anointed.”
It was commonly understood by the Jewish people that the passage quoted above from the psalms identified David as the anointed one of the Lord. Peter and John, however, interpret the scripture to reveal that it is Jesus, not David, who is the anointed one. In doing so, Peter and John made the case that Jesus was greater than David. Given that, it should not surprise their Jewish audience that the apostles could claim the ability to heal the sick in the name of Jesus.
So what does this mean to us? It means that we are also the beneficiaries of the work of salvation, and that through faith in Jesus anything is possible.